Addiction

Addiction

What is an addiction? Addiction is the most severe form of a substance use disorder, associated with compulsive or uncontrolled use of one or more substances. Addiction is a chronic brain disease that has the potential for both recurrence (relapse) and recovery. A simpler definition of addiction is the use of a substance in a chronic, compulsive, or uncontrollable way.

History of Addiction

Addiction has been around since the first humans ingested psychoactive substances. Some ancient priests ingested these psychoactive substances in religious ceremonies and encouraged others to use the substances for healing reasons. While some cultures used healers for medicinal purposes others created concoctions designed to heal the body of ailments.

The original intent of using psychoactive plants or substances was for the greater good of the times. There was no way that the ancients could have known of the powerful effects that these healing remedies, medicines, or solutions would create upon our modern civilizations. The old saying “too much of anything is good for nothing” would have been a wise warning, however, man is driven by the desire to make things better and stronger. There is of course lost history of psychoactive substances, but one thing we do know at some point in the history of psychoactive substances people created more potent and stronger concentrations of the substances.

Early Psychoactive Substances

  • Amanita muscaria
  • opium
  • alcohol
  • nicotine
  • caffeine

While humans refined and made substances more potent and experimented on faster routes of administration the first signs of misuse did not show up until around classical Antiquity. We know that in the 17th-century discussion of addiction was being looked at across different cultures. For the most part, societies condemned excessive use, while others made it a part of their culture over the years. Today, addiction is looked upon as a medical condition with physical, psychological, and social factors that are disrupted as the addiction progresses to more severe health-related disruptions.

What help is available for someone with an addiction?

Treatment is the most effective way to stop an addiction to alcohol, prescription drugs, or other addictive substances. There are various types of addiction treatment programs all designed to intervene upon an addiction to substances. The most common types of addiction treatment programs are described below as an overview of addiction treatment options. 

Medical Detoxification Short-Term Treatment Long-Term Treatment
30-Day Addiction Treatment 60-Day Addiction Treatment 90-Day Addiction Treatment
Detox & Stabilization Relapse Prevention Track Intensive Outpatient Treatment 

            

Addiction Medical Detoxification

Medical Detoxification is often required for people with moderate to severe substance use disorders. People with addictions require the assistance of medically monitored inpatient detoxification. People that are addicted to alcohol, sedative/hypnotics, and opioid drugs enter detox for 24-hour medical care for the management of withdrawal syndromes, based on principles of safety and compassionate concerns. People entering addiction medical detoxification programs should be linked up with other types of treatment following the completion of medical detoxification.

Short-Term Addiction Treatment

This type of treatment is considered anything under 90-days of addiction treatment. The primary focus is to treat the addiction to alcohol or drugs and help a person deal with the acute physical, psychological, and behavioral related problems of addiction. Short-term addiction treatment could include 30-day addiction treatment programs, 60-day addiction treatment programs, 10-day detox & stabilization services, specialty addiction tracks, and intensive outpatient treatment programs.

Long-Term Addiction Treatment

This type of treatment is usually 90-days or more of addiction treatment services. Typically, people with a history of relapse or a high risk of experiencing a relapse are referred to these types of treatment programs. However, it has been discovered that people who dedicate the time to participate in this type of treatment do reduce the overall risk of returning to active addiction after completing a long-term addiction treatment program.

30-Day Addiction Treatment Programs

The 30-day addiction treatment program is the most utilized type of treatment program in the State of Texas and throughout the United States. Often this type of treatment is attended by people with no prior treatment experience and is a good fit for people with a high motivation to participate in treatment and recovery support services. Since 30-day addiction treatment programs are considered short-term addiction treatment programs it’s always a good idea to attend this type of treatment program if you already have an established positive support system available after you are discharged from the 30-day rehab program.

60-Day Addiction Treatment Programs

The 60-day addiction treatment program is a short-term addiction treatment program. It is designed to help people who need more than a traditional 30-day treatment stay but require more assistance with core addiction problems. A 60-day addiction treatment program will utilize a combination of medical and behavioral therapies along with relapse prevention therapy. For some people, the medical detox and stabilization phase of treatment may be prolonged and the additional time in treatment will allow for more time to adjust to recovery.

 90-Day Addiction Treatment Programs

The “Gold Standard of addiction treatment” is the 90-day addiction rehab program. The 90-day treatment model acknowledges that Drug addiction is a complex illness that requires different techniques or practices to produce psychological & behavioral results. There are a wide variety of addictive drugs that people become addicted to in our society. A 90-day rehab program offers recovery solutions, advanced treatment protocols, techniques, and therapies that are results-driven to help people with a substance use disorder.

The use of FDA-Approved addiction medications, anti-depressants, or anti-craving medications is sometimes used in conjunction with a 90-day addiction treatment program. Individuals will progress through drug addiction treatment at various rates, so 90-day treatment programs will use effective and practical treatment solutions that are proven to maximize the greatest benefit for treatment results.

The 90-day addiction treatment program is one of the most comprehensive types of addiction treatment programs around with access to a wide variety of treatment therapies to help a person recover from their addiction to substances.

Detox & Stabilization Programs

There are different types of detox & stabilization treatment programs, and some are used for helping a person to deal with their immediate acute addiction withdrawal symptoms while also helping a person to discover the possible causes of their addiction. The assessments used during detox & stabilization primarily focus on diagnostic instruments and processes to determine an individual’s needs and problems. It is considered an essential step in helping a person to determine which modality of care is appropriate for their overall needs. These programs are short-term addiction treatment programs with lengths of stay under 10-days in most cases.

Specialty Addiction Treatment Programs

One of the most common types of specialty addiction treatment programs is a Chronic Relapse Prevention Track. Normally utilized by people with a history of relapse they offer in-depth relapse prevention therapy and recovery-based solutions to help a person get on the right track after they have experienced a relapse or return to active addiction.

Addiction Intensive Outpatient Treatment (IOP)

These addiction treatment programs can be used as an entry point into the treatment process or used as a step-down type of treatment after an individual has completed inpatient treatment or residential types of addiction treatment programs. The length of stay can be from 6-weeks to 24-weeks or longer depending on the treatment program. Addiction intensive outpatient treatment programs (IOP) are for people who do not require detox services and can maintain abstinence from addictive substances while participating in the treatment programs.

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